Maria Ekstrand, PhD

+1 415 476-6268

Dr. Ekstrand is professor of Medicine in the Prevention Science Division at the UCSF School of Medicine and Adjunct Professor at UC Berkeley School of Public Health and the St John’s Research Institute of the St. John’s National Academy of Health Sciences in Bangalore, India. Her primary research interests include measuring and improving treatment adherence and the role of stigma in global health, with a focus on HIV, mental health, cancer and pain control. She is currently PI or MPI of five NIH R01 awards in India and is in the process of starting an India research program in palliative medicine, in collaboration with researchers from St John’s Medical College in Bangalore and the Cicely Saunders Institute of Palliative Care at Kings College, London.


COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy among PLWH in South India.

JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes

Maria L Ekstrand, Elsa Heylen, Monica Gandhi, Wayne T. Steward, Matilda Pereira, Krishnamachari Srinivasan

Mental health of women living with HIV and its impact on child development in Andhra Pradesh, India.

Vulnerable children and youth studies

Veena A. Satyanarayana, Hadley R. Burroughs, Elsa Heylen, Kartik Yadav, Sanjeev Sinha, Adeline Nyamathi, Maria L. Ekstrand

Preparedness and Capacity of Indian Palliative Care Services to Respond to the COVID-19 Pandemic: An Online Rapid Assessment Survey.

Indian journal of palliative care

Lin CP, Boufkhed S, Pai AA, Namisango E, Luyirika E, Sleeman KE, Costantini M, Peruselli C, Higginson IJ, Ekstrand ML, Harding R, Salins N, Bhatnagar S

HIV Transmission Worry Predicts Discrimination Intentions Among Nursing Students and Ward Staff in India.

AIDS and behavior

Nyblade L, Srinivasan K, Raj T, Oga EA, Heylen E, Mazur A, Devadass D, Steward WT, Pereira M, Ekstrand ML

Reduction in stigma drivers partially mediates the effect of a stigma reduction intervention among nursing students in India: The DriSti cluster randomized controlled trial.

Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999)

Srinivasan K, Heylen E, Raj T, Nyblade L, Devadass D, Pereira M, Ekstrand ML

HIV and Substance Use Stigma, Intersectional Stigma and Healthcare Among HIV-Positive PWID in Russia.

AIDS and behavior

Vetrova MV, Cheng DM, Bendiks S, Gnatienko N, Lloyd-Travaglini C, Jiang W, Luoma J, Blokhina E, Krupitsky E, Lioznov D, Ekstrand ML, Raj A, Samet JH, Lunze K

The effect of community-based nutritional interventions on children of women living with HIV in rural India: A 2 x 2 factorial intervention trial.

Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America

Shin SS, Satyanarayana VA, Ekstrand ML, Carpenter CL, Wang Q, Yadav K, Ramakrishnan P, Pamujula S, Sinha S, Nyamathi AM

A Behavioral Adherence Intervention Improves Rates of Viral Suppression Among Adherence-Challenged People Living with HIV in South India.

AIDS and behavior

Ekstrand ML, Heylen E, Pereira M, D'Souza J, Nair S, Mazur A, Shamsundar R, Kumar BNR, Chandy S

Factors associated with non-adherence to antiretroviral therapy among female sex workers living with HIV in Hyderabad, India.

International journal of STD & AIDS

Allam RR, Takamiya M, Pant R, Gandham S, Yeldandi VV, Thomas J, Ekstrand ML, Dworkin MS

Body Composition Changes Resulting from Nutrition Supplementation and Nutrition Education: Results from 2 × 2 Factorial Trial of 600 Rural Indian Women Living with HIV/AIDS.

Current Developments in Nutrition

Catherine Carpenter, Kavita Kapur, Padma Ramakrishna, Kartik Yadav, Maria Ekstrand, Sanjeev Sinha, Adeline Nyamathi

Correlates of Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms among Formerly Incarcerated, Homeless Women.

Issues in mental health nursing

Salem BE, Hudson AL, Yadav K, Lucas J, Toyama J, Chen S, Faucette M, Ekstrand ML, Nyamathi AM

Correlates of and barriers to ART adherence among adherence-challenged people living with HIV in southern India.

AIDS care

Heylen E, Chandy S, Shamsundar R, Nair S, Ravi Kumar BN, Ekstrand ML

Reducing HIV stigma among healthcare providers in India using a partly tablet-administered intervention: the DriSti trial.

AIDS care

Ekstrand ML, Raj T, Heylen E, Nyblade L, Devdass D, Pereira M, Mazur A, Srinivasan K

Productivity losses among individuals with common mental illness and comorbid cardiovascular disease in rural Karnataka, India.

International journal of noncommunicable diseases

Fathima FN, Kahn JG, Krishnamachari S, Ekstrand M

Sustained Effect of a Community-based Behavioral and Nutrition Intervention on HIV-related Outcomes Among Women Living With HIV in Rural India: A Quasi-experimental Trial.

Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999)

Nyamathi AM, Shin SS, Sinha S, Carpenter CL, Garfin DR, Ramakrishnan P, Yadav K, Ekstrand ML

Examining engagement in care of women living with HIV in South India.

Health care for women international

Chandy S, Heylen E, Ravikumar BN, Ekstrand ML

Measuring adherence to antiretroviral therapy via hair concentrations in India.

Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999)

Gandhi M, Devi S, Bacchetti P, Chandy S, Heylen E, Phung N, Kuncze K, Okochi H, Kumar R, Kurpad AV, Ekstrand ML

Correlates of physical, psychological, and social frailty among formerly incarcerated, homeless women.

Health care for women international

Salem BE, Brecht ML, Ekstrand ML, Faucette M, Nyamathi AM

Viral labeling of neurons synaptically connected to nucleus accumbens somatostatin interneurons.

PloS one

Ribeiro EA, Nectow AR, Pomeranz LE, Ekstrand MI, Koo JW, Nestler EJ

Cervical cancer awareness and presence of abnormal cytology among HIV-infected women on antiretroviral therapy in rural Andhra Pradesh, India.

International journal of STD & AIDS

Shin SS, Carpenter CL, Ekstrand ML, Wang Q, Grover S, Zetola NM, Yadav K, Sinha S, Nyamathi AM

Stigma in health facilities: why it matters and how we can change it.

BMC medicine

Nyblade L, Stockton MA, Giger K, Bond V, Ekstrand ML, Lean RM, Mitchell EMH, Nelson RE, Sapag JC, Siraprapasiri T, Turan J, Wouters E

Household Food Insecurity as Mediator of the Association Between Internalized Stigma and Opportunistic Infections.

AIDS and behavior

Shin SS, Carpenter CL, Ekstrand ML, Yadav K, Shah SV, Ramakrishnan P, Pamujula S, Sinha S, Nyamathi AM

The Role of HIV Stigma in ART Adherence and Quality of Life Among Rural Women Living with HIV in India.

AIDS and behavior

Ekstrand ML, Heylen E, Mazur A, Steward WT, Carpenter C, Yadav K, Sinha S, Nyamathi A

Randomized controlled trial of a community-based intervention on HIV and nutritional outcomes at six months among women living with HIV/AIDS in Rural India.

AIDS (London, England)

Nyamathi AM, Carpenter CL, Ekstrand ML, Yadav K, Garfin DR, Muniz LC, Kelley M, Sinha S

HIV stigma is a barrier to achieving 90-90-90 in India.

The lancet. HIV

Ekstrand ML, Bharat S, Srinivasan K

Information, Motivation, and Self-Efficacy Among Men Who Have Sex With Men and Transgender Women in the State of Maharashtra, India.

Health education & behavior : the official publication of the Society for Public Health Education

Wilkerson JM, Rhoton JM, Li D, Rawat SA, Patankar P, Rosser BRS, Ekstrand M

Disclosure of HIV Status to Infected Children in South India: Perspectives of Caregivers.

Journal of tropical pediatrics

Ekstrand ML, Heylen E, Mehta K, Sanjeeva GN, Shet A

Effectiveness of Dialectical Behavioral Therapy on Reduction of Recidivism Among Recently Incarcerated Homeless Women: A Pilot Study.

International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology

Nyamathi A, Shin SS, Smeltzer J, Salem B, Yadav K, Krogh D, Ekstrand M

European Organization for Caries Research Workshop: Methodology for Determination of Potentially Available Fluoride in Toothpastes.

Caries research

Martinez-Mier EA, Tenuta LMA, Carey CM, Cury JA, van Loveren C, Ekstrand KR, Ganss C, Schulte A, Baig A, Benzian H, Bottenberg P, Buijs MJ, Ceresa A, Carvalho JC, Ellwood R, González-Cabezas C, Holmgren C, Knapp M, Lippert F, Joiner A, Manton DJ, Martignon S, Mason S, Jablonski-Momeni A, Plett W, Rahiotis C, Sampaio F, Zero DT

Alcohol Use and Experiences of Partner Violence Among Female Sex Workers in Coastal Andhra Pradesh, India.

Violence against women

Heylen E, Shamban E, Steward WT, Krishnan G, Solomon R, Srikrishnan AK, Ekstrand ML

HIV Stigma Reduction for Health Facility Staff: Development of a Blended- Learning Intervention.

Frontiers in public health

Nyblade L, Srinivasan K, Mazur A, Raj T, Patil DS, Devadass D, Radhakrishna K, Ekstrand ML

Understanding dentists' caries management: The COM-B ICCMS™ questionnaire.

Community dentistry and oral epidemiology

Abreu-Placeres N, Newton JT, Pitts N, Garrido LE, Ekstrand KR, Avila V, Martignon S

Perspectives in football medicine.

Der Unfallchirurg

Waldén M, Hägglund M, Bengtsson H, Ekstrand J

Correlates of Treatment Readiness among Formerly Incarcerated Homeless Women.

Criminal justice and behavior

Nyamathi AM, Salem BE, Ekstrand M, Yadav K, Le Y, Oleskowicz T, Shin SS

The Effect of Tumor Neovasculature on Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Blood Oxygen Level-Dependent Activation.

World neurosurgery

Gould L, Ekstrand C, Fourney DR, Mickleborough MJS, Ellchuk T, Borowsky R

Recommendations for the Development of a Mobile HIV Prevention Intervention for Men Who Have Sex With Men and Hijras in Mumbai: Qualitative Study.

JMIR public health and surveillance

Rawat S, Wilkerson JM, Lawler SM, Patankar P, Rosser BRS, Shukla K, Butame S, Ekstrand ML

Combining high-rate aerobic wastewater treatment with anaerobic digestion of waste activated sludge at a pulp and paper mill.

Water science and technology : a journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research

Magnusson B, Ekstrand EM, Karlsson A, Ejlertsson J

Substance Use, Mental Health, HIV Testing, and Sexual Risk Behavior Among Men Who Have Sex With Men in the State of Maharashtra, India.

AIDS education and prevention : official publication of the International Society for AIDS Education

Wilkerson JM, Di Paola A, Rawat S, Patankar P, Rosser BRS, Ekstrand ML

Ocean acidification and desalination: climate-driven change in a Baltic Sea summer microplanktonic community.

Marine biology

Wulff A, Karlberg M, Olofsson M, Torstensson A, Riemann L, Steinhoff FS, Mohlin M, Ekstrand N, Chierici M

The International Caries Detection and Assessment System - ICDAS: A Systematic Review.

Caries research

Ekstrand KR, Gimenez T, Ferreira FR, Mendes FM, Braga MM

Sex as predictor for achieved health outcomes and received care in ischemic stroke and intracerebral hemorrhage: a register-based study.

Biology of sex differences

Willers C, Lekander I, Ekstrand E, Lilja M, Pessah-Rasmussen H, Sunnerhagen KS, von Euler M

Epidermal growth factor receptor function in the human urothelium.

International urology and nephrology

Wasén C, Ekstrand M, Levin M, Giglio D

Age-dependent behaviors, seizure severity and neuronal damage in response to nerve agents or the organophosphate DFP in immature and adult rats.


Scholl EA, Miller-Smith SM, Bealer SL, Lehmkuhle MJ, Ekstrand JJ, Dudek FE, McDonough JH

Immediate Loading of Tilted and Axial Posterior Implants in the Edentulous Maxillary Arch: A Retrospective Comparison of 5-Year Outcomes.

The International journal of oral & maxillofacial implants

Toljanic JA, Ekstrand K, Baer RA, Thor A

Relationships Among Adherence and Physical and Mental Health Among Women Living with HIV in Rural India.

AIDS and behavior

Nyamathi A, Ekstrand M, Heylen E, Ramakrishna P, Yadav K, Sinha S, Hudson A, Carpenter CL, Arab L

Vascular characteristics in young women-Effect of extensive endurance training or a sedentary lifestyle.

Acta physiologica (Oxford, England)

Bjarnegård N, Länne T, Cinthio M, Ekstrand J, Hedman K, Nylander E, Henriksson J

Approximal sealings on lesions in neighbouring teeth requiring operative treatment: an in vitro study.

Acta odontologica Scandinavica

Cartagena A, Bakhshandeh A, Ekstrand KR

Chronic Disease Self-Management Challenges among Rural Women Living with HIV/AIDS in Prakasam, Andhra Pradesh, India: A Qualitative Study.

Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care

Salem BE, Bustos Y, Shalita C, Kwon J, Ramakrishnan P, Yadav K, Ekstrand ML, Sinha S, Nyamathi AM

In-vivo performance of impedance spectroscopy, laser fluorescence, and bitewing radiographs for occlusal caries detection.

Quintessence international (Berlin, Germany : 1985)

Mortensen D, Hessing-Olsen I, Ekstrand KR, Twetman S

Clinical profiles and temporal patterns of psychiatric emergency room visitors in Sweden.

Nordic journal of psychiatry

Schmidt M, Ekstrand J, Bengtsson Tops A

Alcohol use, expectancies and HIV-related sexual risk: a cross-sectional survey of male migrant workers in South India.

AIDS care

Steward WT, Satyanarayana VA, Heylen E, Srikrishnan AK, Vasudevan CK, Krishnan G, Solomon D, Ekstrand ML

Reorganized neural activation in motor cortex following subdural fluid collection: an fMRI and DTI study.


Gould L, Kelly ME, Mickleborough MJS, Ekstrand C, Brymer K, Ellchuk T, Borowsky R

Is there a correlation between coaches' leadership styles and injuries in elite football teams? A study of 36 elite teams in 17 countries.

British journal of sports medicine

Ekstrand J, Lundqvist D, Lagerbäck L, Vouillamoz M, Papadimitiou N, Karlsson J

Why we should focus on the burden of injuries and illnesses, not just their incidence.

British journal of sports medicine

Bahr R, Clarsen B, Ekstrand J

More than a feeling: The bidirectional convergence of semantic visual object and somatosensory processing.

Acta psychologica

Ekstrand C, Neudorf J, Lorentz E, Gould L, Mickleborough M, Borowsky R

Hospital comparison of stroke care in Sweden: a register-based study.

BMJ open

Lekander I, Willers C, Ekstrand E, von Euler M, Fagervall-Yttling B, Henricson L, Kostulas K, Lilja M, Sunnerhagen KS, Teichert J, Pessah-Rasmussen H

Does player unavailability affect football teams' match physical outputs? A two-season study of the UEFA champions league.

Journal of science and medicine in sport

Windt J, Ekstrand J, Khan KM, McCall A, Zumbo BD

Impact of a Tutored Theoretical-Practical Training to Develop Undergraduate Students' Skills for the Detection of Caries Lesions: Study Protocol for a Multicenter Controlled Randomized Study.

JMIR research protocols

Braga MM, Lenzi TL, Ferreira FR, Mendes FM, Raggio DP, Imparato JC, Bonecker M, Magalhães AC, Wang L, Rios D, Pessan JP, Duque C, Rebelo MAB, Alves Filho AO, Lima MDM, Moura MS, De Carli AD, Sanabe ME, Cenci MS, Oliveira EF, Correa MB, Rocha RO, Zenkner JE, Murisí PU, Martignon S, Lara JS, Aquino FG, Carrillo A, Chu CH, Deery C, Ricketts D, Melo P, Antunes JLF, Ekstrand KR

Taste receptors in the gut - A new target for health promoting properties in diet.

Food research international (Ottawa, Ont.)

Ekstrand B, Young JF, Rasmussen MK

Collaborative Care for Mental Health in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A WHO Health Systems Framework Assessment of Three Programs.

Psychiatric services (Washington, D.C.)

Acharya B, Ekstrand M, Rimal P, Ali MK, Swar S, Srinivasan K, Mohan V, Unützer J, Chwastiak LA

Approximal morphology as predictor of approximal caries in primary molar teeth.

Clinical oral investigations

Cortes A, Martignon S, Qvist V, Ekstrand KR

Depletion of ATP and glucose in advanced human atherosclerotic plaques.

PloS one

Ekstrand M, Widell E, Hammar A, Akyürek LM, Johansson M, Fagerberg B, Bergström G, Levin MC, Fogelstrand P, Borén J, Levin M

Dental caries.

Nature reviews. Disease primers

Pitts NB, Zero DT, Marsh PD, Ekstrand K, Weintraub JA, Ramos-Gomez F, Tagami J, Twetman S, Tsakos G, Ismail A

Developing a scalable training model in global mental health: pilot study of a video-assisted training Program for Generalist Clinicians in Rural Nepal.

Global mental health (Cambridge, England)

Acharya B, Tenpa J, Basnet M, Hirachan S, Rimal P, Choudhury N, Thapa P, Citrin D, Halliday S, Swar SB, van Dyke C, Gauchan B, Sharma B, Hung E, Ekstrand M

Rapid Molecular Profiling of Defined Cell Types Using Viral TRAP.

Cell reports

Nectow AR, Moya MV, Ekstrand MI, Mousa A, McGuire KL, Sferrazza CE, Field BC, Rabinowitz GS, Sawicka K, Liang Y, Friedman JM, Heintz N, Schmidt EF

Development of a Novel Tablet-based Approach to Reduce HIV Stigma among Healthcare Staff in India.

Perspectives in health information management

Radhakrishna K, Dass D, Raj T, Rakesh D, Kishore R, Srinivasan K, Nyblade L, Ekstrand-Abueg M, Ekstrand ML

The Role of Sex Work Pay in Moderating the Effect of Mobile Phone Solicitation on Condom Practices: An Analysis of Female Sex Workers in India.

HSOA journal of AIDS clinical research & STDs

Navani-Vazirani S, Heylen E, Deardorff J, Srikrishnan AK, Vasudevan CK, Solomon D, Ekstrand ML

Quality of Life Among Women Living With HIV in Rural India.

The Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care : JANAC

Nyamathi AM, Ekstrand M, Yadav K, Ramakrishna P, Heylen E, Carpenter C, Wall S, Oleskowicz T, Arab L, Sinha S

Site-specific photocoupling of pBpa mutated scFv antibodies for use in affinity proteomics.

Biochimica et biophysica acta. Proteins and proteomics

Brofelth M, Städe LW, Ekstrand AI, Edfeldt LP, Kovacic R, Nielsen TT, Larsen KL, Duroux L, Wingren C

Gene Expression Profiling with Cre-Conditional Pseudorabies Virus Reveals a Subset of Midbrain Neurons That Participate in Reward Circuitry.

The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience

Pomeranz LE, Ekstrand MI, Latcha KN, Smith GA, Enquist LW, Friedman JM

Women living with AIDS in rural Southern India: Perspectives on mental health and lay health care worker support.

Journal of HIV/AIDS & social services

Srivastava N, Nyamathi AM, Sinha S, Carpenter C, Satyanarayana V, Ramakrishna P, Ekstrand M

Violent Crime in the Lives of Homeless Female Ex-Offenders.

Issues in mental health nursing

Nyamathi AM, Salem BE, Hall E, Oleskowicz T, Ekstrand M, Yadav K, Toyama J, Turner S, Faucette M

Partnerships in mental healthcare service delivery in low-resource settings: developing an innovative network in rural Nepal.

Globalization and health

Acharya B, Maru D, Schwarz R, Citrin D, Tenpa J, Hirachan S, Basnet M, Thapa P, Swar S, Halliday S, Kohrt B, Luitel NP, Hung E, Gauchan B, Pokharel R, Ekstrand M

Sexual identity and behavior in an online sample of Indian men who have sex with men.

AIDS care

Ekstrand ML, Rawat S, Patankar P, Heylen E, Banu A, Rosser BRS, Wilkerson JM

Harassment and Violence Among Men Who Have Sex with Men (MSM) and Hijras After Reinstatement of India's "Sodomy Law".

Sexuality research & social policy : journal of NSRC : SR & SP

Li DH, Rawat S, Rhoton J, Patankar P, Ekstrand ML, Simon Rosser BR, Wilkerson JM

Perspectives on disclosure among children living with HIV in India.

Children and youth services review

Mehta K, Ekstrand ML, Heylen E, Sanjeeva GN, Shet A

Stigmas, symptom severity and perceived social support predict quality of life for PLHIV in urban Indian context.

Health and quality of life outcomes

Garrido-Hernansaiz H, Heylen E, Bharat S, Ramakrishna J, Ekstrand ML

Sexual Preferences and Presentation on Geosocial Networking Apps by Indian Men Who Have Sex With Men in Maharashtra.

JMIR mHealth and uHealth

Rhoton J, Wilkerson JM, Mengle S, Patankar P, Rosser BR, Ekstrand ML

No Association Between Return to Play After Injury and Increased Rate of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury in Men's Professional Soccer.

Orthopaedic journal of sports medicine

Lundblad M, Waldén M, Hägglund M, Ekstrand J, Thomeé C, Karlsson J

Caries status in young Colombian children expressed by the ICCMS™ visual/radiographic combined caries staging system.

Acta odontologica Scandinavica

Cortes A, Ekstrand KR, Gamboa LF, González L, Martignon S

Recommendations from primary care providers for integrating mental health in a primary care system in rural Nepal.

BMC health services research

Acharya B, Tenpa J, Thapa P, Gauchan B, Citrin D, Ekstrand M

Two hours of evening reading on a self-luminous tablet vs. reading a physical book does not alter sleep after daytime bright light exposure.

Sleep medicine

Rångtell FH, Ekstrand E, Rapp L, Lagermalm A, Liethof L, Búcaro MO, Lingfors D, Broman JE, Schiöth HB, Benedict C

High-rate anaerobic co-digestion of kraft mill fibre sludge and activated sludge by CSTRs with sludge recirculation.

Waste management (New York, N.Y.)

Ekstrand EM, Karlsson M, Truong XB, Björn A, Karlsson A, Svensson BH, Ejlertsson J

Recruitment Strategies of Indian Men Who Have Sex with Men in the State of Maharashtra Into an Online Survey.

International journal of sexual health : official journal of the World Association for Sexual Health

Wilkerson JM, Patankar P, Rawat SM, Simon Rosser BR, Shukla KM, Rhoton J, Ekstrand ML

Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy Among Children Living with HIV in South India.

AIDS and behavior

Mehta K, Ekstrand ML, Heylen E, Sanjeeva GN, Shet A

Disclosure of HIV status: Perspectives from infected children in India.

International Journal of Infectious Diseases

K. Mehta, M. Ekstrand, E. Heylen, G. Sanjeeva, A. Shet

Female Ex-Offender Perspectives on Drug Initiation, Relapse, and Desire to Remain Drug Free.

Journal of forensic nursing

Nyamathi AM, Srivastava N, Salem BE, Wall S, Kwon J, Ekstrand M, Hall E, Turner SF, Faucette M

Test-Retest Reliability and Convergent Validity of Three Manual Dexterity Measures in Persons With Chronic Stroke.

PM & R : the journal of injury, function, and rehabilitation

Ekstrand E, Lexell J, Brogårdh C

Breaking Bad News: Patient Preferences and the Role of Family Members when Delivering a Cancer Diagnosis.

Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention : APJCP

Rao A, Ekstrand M, Heylen E, Raju G, Shet A

Evidence-Based Programming of HIV Care and Support: Is the Psychosocial "Optional"?

Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999)

Harding R, Downing J, Ekstrand M, Gwyther L, Sherr L

Is pregnancy planning associated with background characteristics and pregnancy-planning behavior?

Acta obstetricia et gynecologica Scandinavica

Stern J, Salih Joelsson L, Tydén T, Berglund A, Ekstrand M, Hegaard H, Aarts C, Rosenblad A, Larsson M, Kristiansson P

Presurgical language mapping in epilepsy: Using fMRI of reading to identify functional reorganization in a patient with long-standing temporal lobe epilepsy.

Epilepsy & behavior case reports

Gould L, Mickleborough MJ, Wu A, Tellez J, Ekstrand C, Lorentz E, Ellchuk T, Babyn P, Borowsky R

Food Insecurity and Its Relation to Psychological Well-Being Among South Indian People Living with HIV.

AIDS and behavior

Heylen E, Panicker ST, Chandy S, Steward WT, Ekstrand ML

ASHA-Life Intervention Perspectives Voiced by Rural Indian Women Living With AIDS.

Health care for women international

Nyamathi A, Ekstrand M, Srivastava N, Carpenter CL, Salem BE, Al-Harrasi S, Ramakrishnan P, Sinha S

Real-time feedback for improving compliance to hand sanitization among healthcare workers in an open layout ICU using radiofrequency identification.

Journal of medical systems

Radhakrishna K, Waghmare A, Ekstrand M, Raj T, Selvam S, Sreerama SM, Sampath S

Preconception care policy, guidelines, recommendations and services across six European countries: Belgium (Flanders), Denmark, Italy, the Netherlands, Sweden and the United Kingdom.

The European journal of contraception & reproductive health care : the official journal of the European Society of Contraception

Shawe J, Delbaere I, Ekstrand M, Hegaard HK, Larsson M, Mastroiacovo P, Stern J, Steegers E, Stephenson J, Tydén T

Novel tetra-peptide insertion in Gag-p6 ALIX-binding motif in HIV-1 subtype C associated with protease inhibitor failure in Indian patients.

AIDS (London, England)

Neogi U, Rao SD, Bontell I, Verheyen J, Rao VR, Gore SC, Soni N, Shet A, Schülter E, Ekstrand ML, Wondwossen A, Kaiser R, Madhusudhan MS, Prasad VR, Sonnerborg A

Reducing HIV stigma among nursing students: a brief intervention.

Western journal of nursing research

Shah SM, Heylen E, Srinivasan K, Perumpil S, Ekstrand ML

Quality of life and psychosocial well-being among children living with HIV at a care home in Southern India.

Vulnerable children and youth studies

Lang T, Heylen E, Perumpil S, Shet A, Perumpil M, Steward W, Shamban E, Ekstrand ML

Pregnancy planning and lifestyle prior to conception and during early pregnancy among Danish women.

The European journal of contraception & reproductive health care : the official journal of the European Society of Contraception

Backhausen MG, Ekstrand M, Tydén T, Magnussen BK, Shawe J, Stern J, Hegaard HK

Prevalence and drivers of HIV stigma among health providers in urban India: implications for interventions.

Journal of the International AIDS Society

Ekstrand ML, Ramakrishna J, Bharat S, Heylen E

Global Action to reduce HIV stigma and discrimination.

Journal of the International AIDS Society

Anne L Stangl, Cynthia I Grossman, Michel Sidibé, Eric P. Goosby, Cynthia I Grossman, Anne L Stangl, Ingrid T Katz, Annemarie E Ryu, Afiachukwu G Onuegbu, Christina Psaros, Sheri D Weiser, David R Bangsberg, Alexander C Tsai, Anne L Stangl, Jennifer K Lloyd, Laura M Brady, Claire E Holland, Stefan Baral, Gitau Mburu, Mala Ram, Morten Skovdal, David Bitira, Ian Hodgson, Grace W Mwai, Christine Stegling, Janet Seeley, Aparna Jain, Ratana Nuankaew, Nungruthai Mongkholwiboolphol, Arunee Banpabuth, Rachada Tuvinun, Pakprim Oranop na Ayuthaya, Kerry Richter, Li Li, Chunqing Lin, Jihui Guan, Zunyou Wu, Nelson Varas-Díaz, Torsten B Neilands, Francheska Cintrón-Bou, Melissa Marzán-Rodríguez, Axel Santos-Figueroa, Salvador Santiago-Negrón, Domingo Marques, Sheilla Rodríguez-Madera, Laura Nyblade, Aparna Jain, Manal Benkirane, Li Li, Anna-Leena Lohiniva, Roger McLean, Janet M Turan, Nelson Varas-Díaz, Francheska Cintrón-Bou, Jihui Guan, Zachary Kwena, Wendell Thomas, Sofia Gruskin, Kelly Safreed-Harmon, Tamar Ezer, Anne Gathumbi, Jonathan Cohen, Patricia Kameri-Mbote, Maria L Ekstrand, Jayashree Ramakrishna, Shalini Bharat, Elsa Heylen, Jannette Y Berkley-Patton, Erin Moore, Marcie Berman, Stephen D Simon, Carole Bowe Thompson, Thomas Schleicher, Starlyn M Hawes, John L Christensen, Lynn Carol Miller, Paul Robert Appleby, Charisse Corsbie-Massay, Carlos Gustavo Godoy, Stacy C Marsella, Stephen J Read, Kathryn Risher, Darrin Adams, Bhekie Sithole, Sosthenes Ketende, Caitlin Kennedy, Zandile Mnisi, Xolile Mabusa, Stefan D Baral, Travis Lim, Carla Zelaya, Carl Latkin, Vu Minh Quan, Constantine Frangakis, Tran Viet Ha, Nguyen Le Minh, Vivian Go

Impact of Asha intervention on stigma among rural Indian women with AIDS.

Western journal of nursing research

Nyamathi A, Ekstrand M, Salem BE, Sinha S, Ganguly KK, Leake B

Human APOBEC3G-mediated hypermutation is associated with antiretroviral therapy failure in HIV-1 subtype C-infected individuals.

Journal of the International AIDS Society

Neogi U, Shet A, Sahoo PN, Bontell I, Ekstrand ML, Banerjea AC, Sonnerborg A

Long-term efficacy of first line antiretroviral therapy in Indian HIV-1 infected patients: a longitudinal cohort study.

PloS one

Neogi U, Heylen E, Shet A, Chandy S, Shamsunder R, Sönnerborg A, Ekstrand ML

Correlates of stigma among rural Indian women living with HIV/AIDS.

AIDS and behavior

Nyamathi A, Ekstrand M, Zolt-Gilburne J, Ganguly K, Sinha S, Ramakrishnan P, Suresh P, Marfisee M, Leake B

Track B Clinical Science.

Journal of the International AIDS Society

. Kyrychenko, G. Dubynska, T. Koval, I. Kaidashev, V. Korshenko, K. Rono, H. Kibuuka, L. Maganga, J. Kosgei, A. Sekiziyivu, E. Sanga, E. Ngetich, A. Bolen Valenzuela, N. Michael, M. Robb, M. Markowitz, T. Evering, A. Figueroa, K. Rodriguez, M. La Mar, D. Garmon, V. Sahi, H. Mohri, A. Asher, G.-M. Santos, E.K. Dokubo, J. Martin, S. Deeks, L. Tobler, M. Busch, P. Hunt, K. Page, R. Weber, C. Smith, S. Mannheimer, L. Wang, H.V. Tieu, C. del Rio, S. Buchbinder, L. Wilton, S. Glick, V. Cummings, K.H. Mayer, A. Hutchinson, S. Sansom, P. Farnham, R. Davis, S. Dzoro, S. Moyo, S. Gaseitsiwe, R. Musonda, V. Novitsky, M. Essex, K. Ouma, S. Basavaraju, J. Okonji, J. Williamson, L. Mills, C. Zeh, S. Vallabhaneni, S. Chandy, E. Heylen, M.L. Ekstrand, J. Manasa, N. McGrath, R. Lessells, A. Skingsley, M.-L. Newell, T. de Oliveira, H. Rawizza, B. Chaplin, S. Meloni, P. Okonkwo, P. Kanki, H. Gale, S. Gitterman, F. Gordin, D. Benator, V. Kan, D. Meya, R. Rajasingham, M. Rolfes, K. Birkenkamp, D. Boulware, P. Bulterys, T. Le, V.M. Quang, K. Nelson, J. Lloyd-Smith, A.F. Luetkemeyer, S.L. Rosenkranz, D. Lu, P.S. Lizak, P. Ive, S. Swindells, C.A. Benson, B. Grinsztejn, I.M. Sanne, D.V. Havlir, F. Aweeka, T. Sterling, C. Benson, N. Shang, J. Miro, B. Grinsztejn, R. Chaisson, A. Lucchetti, J. Sanchez, N. Scott, E. Villarino, H. McIlleron, N. Martinson, P. Denti, F. Mashabela, J. Hunt, S. Shembe, J. Hull, D.W. Haas, R. Msandiwa, S. Cohn, R. Chaisson, K.E. Dooley, D. Everitt, H. Winter, E. Egizi, D. Everitt, S. Murray, A. Diacon, R. Dawson, J. Hutchings, C. Van Niekerk, E. Egizi, P. Becker, J. Hafkin, C. Modongo, C. Newcomb, E. Lowenthal, R.R. MacGregor, A. Steenhoff, H. Friedman, G. Bisson, D. Fitzgerald, P. Jansen, C. Chipungu, V. Dindi, J. Fielder, C. Pfaff, H. Bygrave, S. Simons, D. Munyaradzi, B. Nyagadza, C. Metcalf, K. Ncube, S. Van Den Broucke, L. Mupfumi, P. Mason, S. Zinyowera, R. Mutetwa, R.S. Wallis, A.H. Diacon, R. Dawson, A. Venter, S.O. Friedrich, D. Paige, T. Zhu, A. Silvia, J. Gobey, C. Ellery, Y. Zhang, E. Kadyszewski, J.C.M. Brust, N.S. Shah, T.L. van der Merwe, S. Bamber, A. Mngadi, Y. Ning, M. Heo, A.P. Moll, M. Loveday, U.G. Lalloo, G.H. Friedland, N.R. Gandhi, C. Hawkins, B. Christian, J. Ye, T. Nagu, E. Aris, G. Chalamilla, D. Spiegelman, F. Mugusi, S. Mehta, W. Fawzi, V. Lo Re, J. Tate, M. Kallan, J. Lim, M. Goetz, M. Klein, D. Rimland, M. Rodriguez-Barradas, A. Butt, C. Gibert, S. Brown, J. Kostman, B. Strom, R. Reddy, A. Justice, R. Localio, V. Amorosa, T. Umbleja, V. Johnson, M. Kang, A. Luetkemeyer, M. Bardin, D. Haas, R. Chung, S. Yesmin, K. Coughlin, A. Martinez, M.B. Adams, B. Alston-Smith, P. Tebas, M. Peters, J. Kahn, J. Xu, B. Kapogiannis, B. Rudy, N. Liu, R. Gonin, C. Wilson, C. Worrell, K. Squires, E.M. Kojic, M. Cespedes, T. Umbleja, M. Kang, J. Aberg, R. Allen, B. Grinsztein, C. Firnhaber, J. Webster-Cyriaque, J.M. Palefsky, C. Godfrey, A.J. Saah, S. Cu-Uvin, M.X. Rangaka, A. Boulle, R.J. Wilkinson, G. van Cutsem, E. Goemaere, R. Goliath, R. Titus, S. Mathee, G. Maartens, A. Shet, S. Holla, V. Raman, C. Dinakar, M. Ashok, C. Dufouil, L. Richert, M. Bruyand, H. Amieva, F.-A. Dauchy, J.-F. Dartigues, D. Neau, F. Dabis, P. Morlat, F. Bonnet, G. Chene, M. Nigo, A. Walker, D. Lucido, A. Shah, M. Skliut, D. Mildvan, V. Sahasrabuddhe, P. Castle, S. Follansbee, S. Borgonovo, B. LaMere, D. Tokugawa, T. Darragh, S. Boyle, M. Sadorra, S. Tang, N. Wentzensen, A. Mills, D. Mildvan, D. Podzamczer, G. Fätkenheuer, M. Leal, S. Than, S.R. Valluri, C. Craig, M. Vourvahis, J. Heera, H. Valdez, T. Brown, A. Rinehart, S. Portsmouth, J. Gallant, E. Koenig, J. Andrade-Villanueva, P. Chetchotisakd, E. Dejesus, F. Antunes, K. Arastéh, G. Moyle, G. Rizzardini, J. Fehr, Y.-P. Liu, L. Zhong, C. Callebaut, S. Ramanathan, J. Szwarcberg, M. Rhee, A. Cheng, F. Palella, P. Tebas, B. Gazzard, P. Ruane, D. Shamblaw, J. Flamm, M. Fisher, J. van Lunzen, ...

Alcohol consumption patterns and sexual risk behavior among female sex workers in two South Indian communities.

The International journal on drug policy

Heravian A, Solomon R, Krishnan G, Vasudevan CK, Krishnan AK, Osmand T, Ekstrand ML

Stigma is associated with delays in seeking care among HIV-infected people in India.

Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care

Steward WT, Bharat S, Ramakrishna J, Heylen E, Ekstrand ML

Challenges experienced by rural women in India living with AIDS and implications for the delivery of HIV/AIDS care.

Health care for women international

Nyamathi AM, Sinha S, Ganguly KK, William RR, Heravian A, Ramakrishnan P, Greengold B, Ekstrand M, Rao PV

Sex education in Swedish schools as described by young women.

The European journal of contraception & reproductive health care : the official journal of the European Society of Contraception

Ekstrand M, Engblom C, Larsson M, Tydén T

Stigma and HIV risk among Metis in Nepal.

Culture, health & sexuality

Wilson E, Pant SB, Comfort M, Ekstrand M

Suboptimal adherence associated with virological failure and resistance mutations to first-line highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in Bangalore, India.

International health

Ekstrand ML, Shet A, Chandy S, Singh G, Shamsundar R, Madhavan V, Saravanan S, Heylen E, Kumarasamy N

Exposing oneself and one's partner to sexual risk-taking as perceived by young Swedish men who requested a Chlamydia test.

The European journal of contraception & reproductive health care : the official journal of the European Society of Contraception

Ekstrand M, Tydén T, Larsson M

Women's existential experiences within Swedish abortion care.

Journal of psychosomatic obstetrics and gynaecology

Stålhandske ML, Ekstrand M, Tydén T

Depression is not an inevitable outcome of disclosure avoidance: HIV stigma and mental health in a cohort of HIV-infected individuals from Southern India.

Psychology, health & medicine

Steward WT, Chandy S, Singh G, Panicker ST, Osmand TA, Heylen E, Ekstrand ML

Perceptions of Women Living with AIDS in Rural India Related to the Engagement of HIV-Trained Accredited Social Health Activists for Care and Support.

Journal of HIV/AIDS & social services

Nyamathi AM, William RR, Ganguly KK, Sinha S, Heravian A, Albarrán CR, Thomas A, Greengold B, Ekstrand M, Ramakrishna P, Rao PR

Two sides of the same story: alcohol use and HIV risk taking in South India.

AIDS and behavior

Rodríguez DC, Krishnan AK, Kumarasamy N, Krishnan G, Solomon D, Johnson S, Vasudevan CK, Solomon R, Ekstrand ML

Developing useful highly active antiretroviral therapy adherence measures for India: the Prerana study.

Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999)

Ekstrand ML, Chandy S, Heylen E, Steward W, Singh G

HIV-related stigma: adapting a theoretical framework for use in India.

Social science & medicine (1982)

Steward WT, Herek GM, Ramakrishna J, Bharat S, Chandy S, Wrubel J, Ekstrand ML

Men who have sex with men and transgenders in Mumbai, India: an emerging risk group for STIs and HIV.

Indian journal of dermatology, venereology and leprology

Setia MS, Lindan C, Jerajani HR, Kumta S, Ekstrand M, Mathur M, Gogate A, Kavi AR, Anand V, Klausner JD

Sexual behavior among men who have sex with women, men, and Hijras in Mumbai, India--multiple sexual risks.

AIDS and behavior

Hernandez AL, Lindan CP, Mathur M, Ekstrand M, Madhivanan P, Stein ES, Gregorich S, Kundu S, Gogate A, Jerajani HR

Uncovering implicit theories of HIV prevention providers: it takes a community.

AIDS education and prevention : official publication of the International Society for AIDS Education

Freedman B, Binson D, Ekstrand M, Galvez S, Woods WJ, Grinstead O

Alcohol use by men is a risk factor for the acquisition of sexually transmitted infections and human immunodeficiency virus from female sex workers in Mumbai, India.

Sexually transmitted diseases

Madhivanan P, Hernandez A, Gogate A, Stein E, Gregorich S, Setia M, Kumta S, Ekstrand M, Mathur M, Jerajani H, Lindan CP

International Perspectives.

Jonathan Elford, Heiner C. Bucher, Patrick Rawstorne, Andrea Fogarty, Paul Van de Ven, Susan Kippax, Maria Ekstrand, Shalini Bharat, Jayashree Ramakrishna, Leckness C. Simbayi, Seth C. Kalichman

Prevalence and Correlates of HIV-Related Risk Behaviors Among Adolescents at Public Schools in Brasilia.

AIDS and behavior

Edgar Merchan-Hamann, Maria Ekstrand, Esther Sid Hudes, Norman Hearst

Late-onset corticohippocampal neurodepletion attributable to catastrophic failure of oxidative phosphorylation in MILON mice.

The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience

Sörensen L, Ekstrand M, Silva JP, Lindqvist E, Xu B, Rustin P, Olson L, Larsson NG

High HIV Seropositivity at an Anonymous Testing Site in Chennai, India: Client Profile and Trends over Time.

AIDS and behavior

Suniti Solomon, Aylur Ganesh, Maria Ekstrand, John Barclay, Narayan Kumarasamy, Jeffrey Mandel, Christina Lindan

The Gay '90s: a review of research in the 1990s on sexual behavior and HIV risk among men who have sex with men.

AIDS (London, England)

Stall RD, Hays RB, Waldo CR, Ekstrand M, McFarland W

Gay men report high rates of unprotected anal sex with partners of unknown or discordant HIV status.

AIDS (London, England)

Ekstrand ML, Stall RD, Paul JP, Osmond DH, Coates TJ

Mode effects in surveys of gay men: A within-individual comparison of responses by mail and by telephone.

The Journal of Sex Research

Michael Acree, Maria Ekstrand, Thomas J. Coates, Ron Stall

Traditional Balinese youth groups as a venue for prevention of AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases.

AIDS (London, England)

Merati TP, Ekstrand ML, Hudes ES, Suarmiartha E, Mandel JS

Looking for men in all the wrong places...: HIV prevention small-group programs do not reach high risk gay men.

AIDS (London, England)

Hoff CC, Kegeles SM, Acree M, Stall R, Paul J, Ekstrand M, Coates TJ

Differences in sexual behavior among HIV discordant and concordant gay men in primary relationships.

Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes and human retrovirology : official publication of the International Retrovirology Association

Hoff CC, Stall R, Paul J, Acree M, Daigle D, Phillips K, Kegeles S, Jinich S, Ekstrand M, Coates TJ

Differences between gay men in primary relationships and single men: implications for prevention.

AIDS education and prevention : official publication of the International Society for AIDS Education

Hoff CC, Coates TJ, Barrett DC, Collette L, Ekstrand M

Decisions to get HIV tested and to accept antiretroviral therapies among gay/bisexual men: implications for secondary prevention efforts.

Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes and human retrovirology : official publication of the International Retrovirology Association

Stall R, Hoff C, Coates TJ, Paul J, Phillips KA, Ekstrand M, Kegeles S, Catania J, Daigle D, Diaz R

Depression and CD4 decline.


Barrett DC, Chesney MA, Burack JH, Stall RD, Ekstrand ML, Coates TJ

Are bisexually identified men in San Francisco a common vector for spreading HIV infection to women?

American journal of public health

Ekstrand ML, Coates TJ, Guydish JR, Hauck WW, Collette L, Hulley SB

Depressive symptoms and CD4 lymphocyte decline among HIV-infected men.


Burack JH, Barrett DC, Stall RD, Chesney MA, Ekstrand ML, Coates TJ

Relationship between drug use and sexual behaviors and the occurrence of sexually transmitted diseases among high-risk male youth.

Sexually transmitted diseases

Shafer MA, Hilton JF, Ekstrand M, Keogh J, Gee L, DiGiorgio-Haag L, Shalwitz J, Schachter J

Safer sex among gay men: what is the ultimate goal?

AIDS (London, England)

Ekstrand M, Stall R, Kegeles S, Hays R, DeMayo M, Coates T

Handedness, dyslexia and twinning in homosexual men.

The International journal of neuroscience

Götestam KO, Coates TJ, Ekstrand M

Relationship Between Drug Use and Sexual Behaviors and the Occurrence of Sexually Transmitted Diseases Among High-Risk Male Youth.

Sexually transmitted diseases


Changes in sexual practices over 5 years of follow-up among heterosexual men in San Francisco.

Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes

Samuel MC, Guydish J, Ekstrand M, Coates TJ, Winkelstein W

Relapse from safer sex: the next challenge for AIDS prevention efforts.

Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes

Stall R, Ekstrand M, Pollack L, McKusick L, Coates TJ